Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement

General Guide
The Philippine Journal of Fisheries (TPJF) publishes scientifically significant papers on relevant topics covering all aspects of fisheries, both in basic and applied sciences. Some of the related fields of studies are Capture Fisheries, Aquaculture, Postharvest Technology, Marketing and Industry, Aquatic Ecology, Oceanography, Aquatic Resource Conservation, Health of Aquatic Organisms, Biotechnology, Food Safety and Traceability, Socioeconomics, and Systematics in freshwater, estuarine, marine, and other identifiable water habitats, among others.

The journal strictly considers that the manuscript is the authors’ original work and has not been previously published elsewhere, nor is it submitted partly or wholly in any other journal.

All manuscripts and materials submitted to TPJF should contain accurate information and properly cite all sources, including the author’s previous work. It is assumed that the analyses and conclusions are not based on fraudulent data. All manuscripts will undergo a double-blind peer-review process (see Peer Review Process).

The contents of the journal will be available in open access through the journal’s website. Issues are released every June and December yearly.

In submitting to TPJF, all authors must agree to abide by TPJF editorial and journal policies.

Copyright and Permission
TPJF, as an open access journal, is publishing Creative Commons-licensed research, which promotes access and re-use of scientific and scholarly research. Authors who submit manuscripts to us agree that their work will be licensed under a CC BY-NC 4.0 license (This license allows reusers to distribute, remix, adapt, and build upon the material in any medium or format for noncommercial purposes only, and only so long as attribution is given to the creator). However, if your work contains a novel method or requires protection over the discovery of new technology, let us know beforehand to guide you in finding the appropriate license option.

The authors retain the copyright of published articles.

Authorship and Contributorship
All authors must have contributed substantially to the research and preparation of the manuscript. For the submission of each revision of the paper and any authorship change, the corresponding author must have received permission from all the authors.

For transparency, TPJF requires authors to submit an author statement file, included in the cover letter, outlining their individual contributions to the paper using the relevant Contributor Roles Taxonomy (CRediT) roles. Authorship statements should be formatted first with the writers' names following the CRediT role(s). An author may mention more than one contribution, and more than one author may have contributed to the same aspect of the work. This should also reflect in the manuscript itself under the section Author Contributions. See sample below.

  • Juan dela Cruz: Conceptualization, Methodology, Software
  • Angel Santos.: Data curation, Writing-Original draft preparation
  • Joshua Valencia: Visualization, Investigation.
  • Jan Reyes: Supervision.
  • Nicole Cruz: Software, Validation
  • Adrian Gonzales: Writing-Reviewing and Editing

For more details on CRediT, click here.

In addition, TPJF strongly encourages all authors to use their Open Researcher and Contributor ID (ORCID) when submitting papers. ORCID provides a persistent digital identifier that distinguishes an author from every other researcher. When provided, published articles display the ORCID logo and link to an author’s ORCID record. Learn more or register for ORCID here.

The addition of authors is only allowed up to the final proof. After the authors have submitted their final corrections, no other changes to the list of authors will be accepted. It is understood that all authors have read the Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement of TPJF.

Conflict of Interest
All authors should disclose any conflict of interest that might be perceived to influence the authors’ objectivity. Also called competing interests, conflicts of interest are defined as financial, personal, social, or other interests that directly or indirectly influence the author’s conduct with respect to the particular manuscript (Sengupta and Honavar 2017). If there is no conflict of interest to declare, state it explicitly, both in the cover letter and the manuscript (under the section Conflicts of Interest).

A potential conflict of interest includes but not limited to:

  • Patent ownership;
  • Fund sources;
  • Author or suggested reviewer has a substantial direct or indirect financial interest in the subject matter of the manuscript;
  • One of the authors belongs to the same institution as the suggested reviewer;
  • The suggested reviewer has on-going research collaborations or grants with one of the authors

Data and Reproducibility
To support robust research design and analysis, TPJF encourages authors to register trials and other study designs according to standard practice in their discipline, if applicable.

Authors should deposit as much of their data as possible (i.e., code, data, reagents, gene sequence, etc.) in publicly accessible data repositories. If data deposition is not possible, authors may use supporting information (SI) to show all necessary data. Research datasets should be cited in the references.

Ethical Consideration
TPJF adheres to the standards, best practices, and regulations set by various Philippine laws and institutions such as the Republic Act (RA) 8550 “The Philippine Fisheries Code of 1988”, Republic Act 10654 “Amending RA 10654”, Republic Act 9147 “Wildlife Resources Conservation and Protection Act”, Republic Act 11333 “National Museum of the Philippines Act”, Republic Act 8485 “The Animal Welfare Act of 1988”, Republic Act 11038 “Expanded National Integrated Protected Areas System Act of 2018” and the National Committee on Biosafety of the Philippines. Research on wildlife and genetic resources in the Philippines is regulated through Executive Order (EO) 247.

For studies on species regulated under any Philippine law, state the following sentence or an equivalent statement under the manuscript’s Ethics Statement: “The authors obtained an authorization/permit/consent allowing (state what the document is about) from the (state the issuing government office or institution).”

For studies involving human subjects, please state the following sentence or an equivalent statement in the manuscript under the Ethics Statement section that relates to your situation: “All the procedures followed were in line with the ethical principles of the responsible committee on human experimentation and the 1975 Helsinki Declaration as revised in 2000. The authors obtained informed consent from all participants for inclusion in the study.” The following sentence should also be included if any identifying information about participants is included in the paper: “Additional informed consent was obtained from all individuals for whom identifying information is included in this article.”

For studies with animals, provide the following sentence in the manuscript under the section Ethics Statement: “The researchers followed all institutional and national guidelines for the care and use of laboratory animals.”

If the authors did not carry out animal or human studies as part of their research, they must include the following statement in the manuscript under the section Ethics Statement: “No animal or human studies were carried out by the authors.”\

If the authors have not included or cannot include one of these statements in your manuscript, please provide the reason or an alternative statement in the cover letter and the manuscript.

Plagiarism, Misreporting, and Falsification of Data
Plagiarism is committed when one author uses another work without permission, credit, or acknowledgment. Plagiarism takes different forms, from literary copying to paraphrasing the work of another. In judging whether an author has plagiarized, the following definitions may be used:

  • Literal copying - reproducing a work word for word, in whole or in part, without permission and acknowledgment of the source.
  • Substantial copying - reproducing a substantial part of a work without permission and acknowledgment of the source.

If there is any question about whether research results reported in a submitted article are original to the purported author or authors, the editorial board shall make inquiries of the authors and their institutions.

All manuscripts and materials submitted to TPJF should contain accurate information and should properly cite all sources. The editors and reviewers will report any suspected plagiarism, misreporting, or falsification of data to the Editor-in-Chief.

Manuscript Charges and Color Reproduction
There is no publication fee. Color figures will be reproduced in the online publication free of charge.

Complaints, Appeals, and Allegations
Anyone may reach the journal office through our Contact Us page on our website. Any complaint, appeal, or allegation towards the journal staff, authors, editors, or reviewers will be investigated thoroughly. The identity of the reporter will not be disclosed unless the individual gave consent. Every party involved in the reported case shall be contacted, and the journal will not make any public statement until the responses have been received.

Executive Order No. 247. 1995. Prescribing Guidelines and Establishing a Regulatory Framework for the Prospecting of Biological and Genetic Resources, their By-Products and Derivatives, for Scientific and Commercial Purposes; and for Other Purposes.

[PNAS] Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2021. Editorial and Journal Policies [Internet]. Available from:

Republic Act No. 8485. 1998. An Act to Promote Animal Welfare in the Philippines, Otherwise Known as "The Animal Welfare Act of 1998".

Republic Act No. 8550. 1998. An Act Providing for the Development, Management and Conservation of the Fisheries and Aquatic Resources, Integrating All Laws Pertinent Thereto, and for Other Purposes.

Republic Act No. 9147. 2001. An Act Providing for the Conservation and Protection of Wildlife Resources and their Habitats, Appropriating Funds Therefor and for Other Purposes.

Republic Act No. 10654. 2015. An Act to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing, Amending Republic Act No. 8550, Otherwise Known as “The Philippine Fisheries Code of 1998,” and for Other Purposes.

Republic Act No. 11038. 2018. An Act Declaring Protected Areas and Providing for Their Management, Amending for This Purpose Republic Act No. 7586, Otherwise Known as the "National Integrated Protected Areas System (NIPAS) Act of 1992" and for Other Purposes. downloads/2018/06jun/20180622-RA-11038-RRD.pdf

Republic Act No. 11333. 2018. An Act Strengthening the National Museum of the Philippines, Repealing for the Purpose R.A. No. 8492, Otherwise Known as the "National Museum Act of 1998", and Appropriating Funds Therefor.

Sengupta S, Honavar SG. 2017. Publication ethics. Indian Journal of Ophthalmology. 65(6): 429–432. doi: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_483_17